This report, commissioned by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) at the request of the Ethiopian Intellectual Property Office (EIPO), examines the economic impact of copyright industries in Ethiopia using 2012 data. It reveals a substantial contribution to the GDP and employment, with core copyright sectors dominating. Despite playing a crucial role in external trade, there is a trade deficit, emphasizing the need for improved export performance. The study recommends informed copyright policies that balance the rights of holders and enhance access to knowledge, stimulating creativity without adversely affecting different user groups. The findings affirm the sector’s significant role in the Ethiopian economy, providing a foundation for future research.